The Food and Drug Administration of Thailand is to propose that the narcotics control board remove cannabis from the list of controlled substances.
Under current law, cannabis is classed as a category 5 narcotic. It would also remove lengthy prison sentences for possession which can be up to 15 years.
The measure would need to be approved by the Health Minister, Anutin Charnvirakul before the law is changed.
Thailand has been slowly liberalising access to cannabis although there are still many laws that restrict farming. Cannabis and hemp products are allowed in the cosmetic and food industries since 2020 with hospitals allowed to produce cannabis-based medicines.
Thailand was the first nation in Southeast Asia to approve medical cannabis in 2018. The county removed the stems, roots, leaves and sprigs of the plant from the Category 5 narcotics list in December 2021. However, buds and seeds remain on the list.
Under the 2021 list update, Thai households can grow up to six plants for personal use and keep the parts of the plant with 0.2 per cent of THC. The flowers and seeds must be sent to a state medical facility for processing.
Withid Sariddeechaikool, deputy secretary-general of the FDA told Bloomberg: “If we’re able to decriminalise marijuana, we will be able to benefit from all of the plant and not just parts of it. The flower buds and seeds could be used economically and in compliance of the law.”
Thailand and medical cannabis
The Public Health Ministry in Thailand signed an agreement with Rx Leaf World Medica to establish an international medical cannabis research centre. The centre will combine doctors, scientists, pharmacists and cannabis experts to conduct research.
In a press event, public health minister, Anutin Charnvirakul said that the ministry would promote medical cannabis to help people access treatment safely and within the law. He also highlighted that the ministry would aim to promote Thailand as a great location for cannabis production and development.
California must bin cannabis cultivation tax to compete with black market
A new study has concluded that the State’s cannabis tax must be eliminated to move consumers away from illicit products.
California could increase legal cannabis sales and bring in 123 per cent more in total monthly cannabis-related tax revenue by 2024 by eliminating its cultivation tax.
California’s high cannabis taxes are high – as much as USE$90 per ounce, or $1,441 per pound. These taxes are hurting farmers and businesses while the illicit market captures two-thirds of cannabis sales, according to a new study carried out by Reason Foundation, Good Farmers Great Neighbors, and Precision Advocacy.
These taxes mean that California’s legal cannabis market has failed to meet expectations and is just one-third the size expected based on its population and adult usage rates. Additionally, the study estimates that nearly two-thirds of cannabis sales in California are still taking place on the illicit market.
Cannabis taxes average $340 per pound in Oregon and $526 a pound in Colorado, and, due to these lower taxes and greater access to legal products, the report shows that residents in Oregon spend 378 per cent more per capita on legal cannabis. Residents of Colorado spend 335 per cent more per capita on legal cannabis than Californians spend.
Director of drug policy at Reason Foundation, Geoffrey Lawrence, commented: “High taxes are undermining California’s legal cannabis market. California could double monthly cannabis tax revenues by 2024 by eliminating the cultivation tax.
“Without the cultivation tax, our data show lower cannabis prices would increase sales of legal products, increasing the state government’s general sales tax revenue and more than replacing losses from the eliminated cultivation tax.”
President of Precision Advocacy and legislative advocate of the California Cannabis Industry Association, Amy O’Gorman Jenkins, commented: “We are experiencing first-hand a serious price compression in the California supply-chain in part as a result of the illegal market, high taxes and fees and a patchwork of inconsistent local taxes driving legal operators to the brink of a financial cliff.
“We cannot allow the largest cannabis market in the world to fail. This study provides a roadmap of tax policy solutions for the governor and state legislative leaders to consider immediately.”
The study also recommends reducing retail excise taxes and encourages policies that could incentivise California’s local governments to stop banning the sale of legal cannabis products. It also found that Oregon has one legal cannabis retailer for every 6,145 residents and Colorado has one legal retailer for every 13,838 residents while California has just one legal cannabis retailer for every 29,292 residents.
Policy director of Good Farmers Great Neighbors, Sam Rodriguez, stated: “California’s cannabis farmers are experiencing the biggest challenges of their time. Many farmers are considering going fallow this year.
“Busy Bee Organics, one of the first woman-owned, sun-grown farmers in Santa Barbara, has already declared she’s not planting this year.
”California’s cultivation tax is regressive and has only contributed to uncertainty about the future of the state’s cannabis farmland economy and whether it can survive. The immediate elimination of the cultivation tax would be a first step in addressing critical issues impacting the state’s legal cannabis market from seed to sale.”
The problem with “copycat” cannabis edibles
With the rise in popularity of cannabis edibles, the problem with “copycat” products that look like popular snacks should be a major concern for the industry.
A recent study has shown that high-THC copycat cannabis edibles that look like well-known snacks increase the risk of ingestion by children.
Edibles are an increasingly popular segment of the cannabis market in the US, with up to 56 per cent of cannabis consumers buying them. Many of these products often use branding and imagery very similar to popular foods, which is raising public health concerns in the country – with nearly 2,000 cases of young children ages 0 to 9 consuming edibles from 2017 to 2019.
The study, carried out by the NYU School of Global Public Health, and published in Drug and Alcohol Dependence, collected hundreds of photos of cannabis products and analysed packaging, finding that out of 267 edibles, 8 per cent closely resembled 13 different snack products.
These findings highlight the risk that these copycat products could be attractive to children.
Lead author, Danielle Ompad, associate professor of epidemiology at NYU School of Global Public Health, said: “At first glance, most of the packages look almost exactly like familiar snacks.
“If these copycat cannabis products are not stored safely, there is the potential for accidental ingestion by children or adults.”
Twelve of the products were candies or sweet snacks and one was a salty snack. Eight of the 13 packages used the exact brand or product name of the original product; the remaining five used names that were similar, for example “Stoner Patch Dummies” instead of “Sour Patch Kids”. Seven of the packages used the same cartoon or brand character as the original product.
“While each package is likely intended to include multiple doses, few packages indicate the serving size or number of servings,” said Ompad. “Moreover, if we’re considering 10 mg a standard dose, these products could contain an alarming 30 to 60 doses per package.
“Policies to prevent cannabis packaging from appealing to children haven’t stopped copycat products from entering the market — nor have food brands taken legal action against cannabis companies for copyright infringement.
“People who purchase edibles that look like snack foods should store them separately from regular snacks and out of reach of children.”
New platform aims to transform US cannabis supply chain
The platform aims to provide information sharing, reduce costs, and increase transparency and trust.
Lucid Green has announced it has raised $10m (~£7.88m) for its UPC platform in a series B funding round. The company is aiming to transform the cannabis supply chain through its LucidIDs, the industry’s first intelligent QR code.
The cannabis supply chain in the US is riddled with challenges for businesses. There are problems with inaccurate product information, inefficient cycle counting, sporadic Certificate of Analysis (COA) compliance and secondary stickering.
Manual inventory management is also time consuming, expensive and prone to errors. Brands experience increased costs and lower profit margins as a result of compliance and supply chain inefficiencies, and lack the mechanisms to communicate directly with consumers and dispensaries. Distributors face reducing retailer order fulfilment time and turnaround – resulting in higher working capital requirements for their customers.
Lucid Green is aiming to solve these problems with its intelligent UPC through its $10m, funding round led by Gron Ventures, with participation by Gotham Green Partners.
Co-founder and CEO of Lucid Green, Larry Levy, commented: “It’s clear that the cannabis supply chain’s status quo is holding the industry back, and Lucid Green is proud to have pioneered the first solutions to benefit all stakeholders.
“We are laser-focused on developing the leading solutions to strengthen our industry. Lucid Green benefits brands, distributors and retailers while delivering a much needed educational experience for consumers that helps to further normalise the industry.”
The new funding will support the recruitment of top tier talent, raise awareness of its technology, and accelerate adoption of its solution.
LucidIDs utilise QR codes to allowing for true truck-to-shelf inventory intake, reducing manual labor and human errors, and virtually eliminating data cleanliness issues.
The QR codes permit dynamic information flow which empowers stakeholders to continue adding information about a product through its lifecycle, unlike the status quo of secondary stickering. The IDs have already been used for more than 17 million products.
The IDs offer brands, retailers and distributors a solution to reduce costs, increase transparency, and drive more sales, delivering data insights and COA management.
Wilder Ramsey, managing partner of Gron Ventures, commented: “Inefficiencies and outdated methods in the supply chain are holding the cannabis industry back from reaching its full potential.
“We are proud to have invested in Lucid Green because the power and promise of their technology and solutions can save all stakeholders time and money, while increasing education and trust among consumers.”
“Our core ethos is quality, consistency and value, and part of our mission is to provide retailers and consumers with the best cannabis products at the best price,” added Skip Motsenbocker, CEO at Pacific Stone.
“Lucid Green is a critical partner for us, and with their LucidIDs, we’re able to directly communicate with budtenders and consumers, increasing education, loyalty and trust. Lucid Green is creating higher profit margins for us thanks to more efficient truck-to-shelf processing, and we think the whole industry would benefit from their solutions.”
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